Social learning in pigeons.
Pigeons, like rats,
are capable of social learning in foraging.
Here they need to learn to pierce a paper covering a box of seeds.
Pigeons in the NM and BI treatments never learned to feed in the experimental apparatus.
- NM (no model): these birds were never exposed to a model
- BI ("blind" imitation):
these birds observed a model bird pierce a paper cover but never eat
- LE (local
these birds observed a model bird eat through a hole in the paper made by the experimenters
- OL (observational learning):
these birds saw a model bird pierce the paper and eat the seeds in the box.
The quickest learning occurred in the OL treatment, followed by the LE group.