 

Player 2  
Hawk  Dove  
Player  Hawk 


1  Dove  

The hawk strategy is always aggressive until until it is injured or wins the resource.
The dove pursues a bluff strategy, retreating if the opponent escalates.
V
= value of resource
C
= cost of fighting
If 2 doves meet, each receives half the value of the resource (V/2).
If 2 hawks meet, each has a 50% chance of winning the resource (V/2), also a 50% chance of being injured (C/2), for a total expected payoff of (VC)/2).
When V > C
, the hawk strategy is favored.