by human breeding programs can result in the evolution of certain traits in
The process of
operates on at least three factors: variation, fitness consequences, and heritability.
of a selectable
or phenotype, provides the raw material for natural selection to operate.
as a consequence of the phenotype variation result in variable selection.
Most behavioral traits are
and can be measured by
Natural selection on
traits such as
have been shown in
Natural selection results in
- traits with the highest relative fitness in a given
but not all behaviors are
as shown in
parasitism of wood
Genetic relatedness is often the
behavior as exhibited in naked mole
Genetic relatedness is also important in
, where one animal
another individual against a third party.
Jan 15, 2008